Honor History And Relationship


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In Honor, History, and Relationship Stephen Darwall explores the idea of a second-personal framework for morality and its foundations, in which we are committed to morality by presuppositions that are inescapable when we relate to others (person to person). He expands on the argument set forth in The Second-Person Standpoint to explore the second-personal framework in three further settings. The first concerns a fundamental differencebetween the form that respect and the concept of person take in honor cultures, on the one hand, and the shape these assume in morality conceived as equal accountability, on the other. The second concerns the role ofsecond-personal ideas in the development of a distinctively "modern" moral philosophy, beginning in seventeenth-century Europe. The third group of essays treats the second-personal structure of interpersonal relations.

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Author by Stephen Darwall
Genre eBook Law
Read Book 285
ISBN Number 9780199662609

Ethics


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One of the most powerful voices in contemporary French philosophy explodes the facile assumptions behind the recent ethical turn.

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Author by Alain Badiou
Genre eBook Philosophy
Read Book 166
ISBN Number 9781781680186

Essays In Ethical Theory


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In this volume, R. M. Hare has collected a number of essays which fill in the theoretical background of his thought and which together give an overall picture of his views on a variety of questions.Each essay is self-contained, and topics covered include the objectivity and rationality of moral thinking, the issue between the ethical realists and their opponents, the place in our moral thought of appeals to common convictions, and how to tell whether a feature of a situation is morallyrelevant. His central theme is the paradox that, if moral judgements were just statements of fact, relativism would be inescapable. We can treat moral thinking as a rational activity only because moral judgements are more than this.

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Author by R. M. Hare
Genre eBook Philosophy
Read Book 262
ISBN Number 0198240716

Essays On Ethics And Method


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'Essays on Ethics and Method' is a selection of shorter writings on the 19th century philosopher Henry Sidgewick. The essays develop further Sidgewick's ethical ideas and illuminate other aspects of his thought.

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Author by Henry Sidgwick
Genre eBook Philosophy
Read Book 346
ISBN Number 9780198250227

Ethics And Politics Volume 2


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Alasdair MacIntyre is one of the most creative and important philosophers working today. This volume presents a selection of his classic essays on ethics and politics collected together for the first time, focussing particularly on the themes of moral disagreement, moral dilemmas, and truthfulness and its importance. The essays range widely in scope, from Aristotle and Aquinas and what we need to learn from them, to our contemporary economic and social structures and the threat which they pose to the realization of the forms of ethical life. They will appeal to a wide range of readers across philosophy and especially in moral philosophy, political philosophy, and theology.

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Author by Alasdair MacIntyre
Genre eBook Philosophy
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ISBN Number 9781139452618

Essays On Aristotle S Ethics


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"Uniformly distinguished. . . . The cream of the philosophical thinking that has been done by students of Aristotle in this country and in Britain in the last few years. This compilation will mark a high point of excellence in its genre."—Gregory Vlastos, University of California, Berkeley

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Author by Matina Souretis Horner Distinguished Professor Radcliffe College Professor of Philosophy Amelie Oksenberg Rorty
Genre eBook History
Read Book 438
ISBN Number 0520040414

Essays In Legal Ethics


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George William Warvelle, 1852-1940, was a legal paragon in his time; a Professor of Law in Chicago; a prominent legal scholar; and the author of many law volumes still in print and found in law offices and libraries today. This book was first published in 1902 in an era of no radio, no TV, or other electronic wastelands; an era when man communicated with conversation, reading and writing. The book is by a lawyer and was aimed at the then law students and practicing lawyers; however, the lessons therein are of historical interest to any lawyer or scholarly person today.

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Author by GEORGE WILLIAM WARVELLE
Genre eBook Law
Read Book 256
ISBN Number 9781304570185

Essays On Ethics Social Behaviour And Scientific Explanation


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When John Harsanyi came to Stanford University as a candidate for the Ph.D., I asked him why he was bothering, since it was most un likely that he had anything to learn from us. He was already a known scho lar; in addition to some papers in economics, the first two papers in this vol ume had already been published and had dazzled me by their originality and their combination of philosophical insight and technical competence. However, I am very glad I did not discourage him; whether he learned any thing worthwhile I don't know, but we all learned much from him on the foundations of the theory of games and specifically on the outcome of bar gaining. The central focus of Harsanyi's work has continued to be in the theory of games, but especially on the foundations and conceptual problems. The theory of games, properly understood, is a very broad approach to social interaction based on individually rational behavior, and it connects closely with fundamental methodological and substantive issues in social science and in ethics. An indication of the range of Harsanyi's interest in game the ory can be found in the first paper of Part B -though in fact his owncontri butions are much broader-and in the second paper the applications to the methodology of social science. The remaining papers in that section show more specifically the richness of game theory in specific applications.

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Author by J.C. Harsanyi
Genre eBook Social Science
Read Book 278
ISBN Number 9789401093279

The Ethics Of Aristotle Illustrated With Essays And Notes By Alexander Grant


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Author by Aristotle
Genre eBook Ethics
Read Book 512
ISBN Number IBNR:CR102001302

Morality Authority And Law


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Stephen Darwall presents a series of essays that explore and extend the Second-Person Standpoints argument that central moral concepts are irreducibly second personal, entailing mutual accountability and the authority to address demands to one another (and ourselves). He illustrates the second-personal frameworks power to illuminate a wide variety of issues in moral, political, and legal philosophy. Section I concerns morality: its distinctiveness among normative concepts, the metaethics of bipolar obligations (owed to someone); the relation between moral obligations form and the substance of our obligations; whether the fact that an action is wrong is itself a reason against action (as opposed to simply entailing that sufficient moral reasons independently exist); and whether morality requires general principles or might be irreducibly particularistic. Section II consists of two essays on autonomy: one discussing the relation between Kants autonomy of the will and the right to autonomy, and another arguing that what makes an agents desires and will reason-giving is not the basis of internal practical reasons in desire, but the dignity of persons and shared second-personal authority. Section III focuses on the nature of authority and the law. Two essays take up Joseph Razs influential normal justification thesis and argue that it fails to capture authoritys second-personal nature, without which authority cannot create exclusionaryand preemptivereasons.The final two essays concern law.The first sketches the insights that a second-personal approach can provide into the nature of law and the grounds of distinctions between different parts of law.The second shows how a second-personal framework can be used to develop the civil recourse theory in the law of torts.

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Author by Stephen Darwall
Genre eBook Philosophy
Read Book 240
ISBN Number 9780191639586