The Concept Of Representation


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This book arises out of Hannah Pitkin's doctoral dissertation and is considered by political scientists to be the gold standard in terms of a philosophical treatment of the subject. Pitkin covers the historical evolution of thinking about representation from the Greeks through the founding of the American republic highlighting diverse thinkers and politicians like Edmund Burke, Jeremy Bentham, and James Madison as well as more contemporary scholars like Robert Dahl and Charles Lindblom.

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Author by Hanna F. Pitkin
Genre eBook Philosophy
Read Book 323
ISBN Number 0520021568

The Concept Of Utopia


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Originally published: London: Philip Allan, 1990.

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Author by Ruth Levitas
Genre eBook Social Science
Read Book 264
ISBN Number 3039113666

The Concept Of The Political


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In this, his most influential work, legal theorist and political philosopher Carl Schmitt argues that liberalism's basis in individual rights cannot provide a reasonable justification for sacrificing oneself for the state. This edition of the 1932 work includes the translator's introduction (by George Schwab) which highlights Schmitt's intellectual journey through the turbulent period of German history leading to the Hitlerian one-party state. It also includes Leo Strauss's analysis of Schmitt's thesis and a foreword by Tracy B. Strong placing Schmitt's work into contemporary context.

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Author by Carl Schmitt
Genre eBook Philosophy
Read Book 111
ISBN Number 0226738868

The Concept Of Law


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The Concept of Law is one of the most influential texts in English-language jurisprudence. 50 years after its first publication its relevance has not diminished and in this third edition, Leslie Green adds an introduction that places the book in a contemporary context, highlighting key questions about Hart's arguments and outlining the main debates it has prompted in the field. The complete text of the second edition is replicated here, including Hart'sPostscript, with fully updated notes to include modern references and further reading.

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Author by HLA Hart
Genre eBook Law
Read Book 333
ISBN Number 9780199644704

The Concept Of The Common Heritage Of Mankind In International Law


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The concept of the common heritage of mankind is one of the most extraordinary developments in recent intellectual history and one of the most revolutionary and radical legal concepts to have emerged in recent decades. The year 1997 marks the thirtieth anniversary of the advent of the concept in the domain of public international law. Ever since its emergence, it has become evident that no other concept, notion, principle or doctrine has brought as much intensive debate, controversy, confrontation and speculation as the common heritage phenomenon did. This is because it is a philosophical idea that questions the regimes of globally important resources regardless of their situation, and requires major changes in the world to apply its provisions. In other words, the application and enforcement of the common heritage of mankind require a critical reexamination of many well-established principles and doctrines of classical international law, such as acquisition of territory, consent-based sources of international law, sovereignty, equality, resource allocation and international personality. This book aims to explore the legal theory and implications of the concept of the common heritage of mankind. It addresses almost all aspects of the concept in the light of the experience of three decades. The author takes into account the elements of the common heritage concept in the fields of jurisprudence, outer space law, the law of the sea, the law of Antarctica, international environmental law, human rights and general principles of public international law. It tries to develop a normative framework through which the concept may offer alternatives for the governance of the global commons.

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Author by Kemal Baslar
Genre eBook Law
Read Book 427
ISBN Number 9041105050

The Concept Of Income


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This treatise examines income as a surrogate for the underlying features of an individual's well-being, for the purpose of achieving horizontal equity in taxation. Part I analyses the development of a variety of income concepts. The foundation concept of income, based on the Schanz-Haig-Simons wealth accrual and consumption models, is found to be the most appropriate measure of income that might be used in tax practice to achieve the equity objective. Other economic concepts of income and accounting and legal concepts of income are tested against the foundation concept as a benchmark to identify their congruence with, and divergence from, that standard. The objective is to seek a route towards the practical application of the foundation concept of income, which improves the existing notion of taxable income. Part II of the book investigates discrepancies between the ways that net receipts and economic gains from selected economic events (business transactions, capital gains transactions, gifting, provision of benefits in kind, and generation of imputed income from owner-use of assets, self performed services and leisure) are included in or excluded from taxable income. The aim is to determine whether the differences are logical and equitable. To enhance tax equity, the thesis advocates the adoption of a comprehensive concept of income, which is closely aligned to the foundation concept of income, for practical taxation purposes. The text draws extensively on case law, particularly from the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, and the United States of America.

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Author by Kevin Holmes
Genre eBook Income
Read Book 614
ISBN Number 9789076078373

The Concept Of Modernism


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The term "modernism" is central to any discussion of twentieth-century literature and critical theory. Astradur Eysteinsson here maintains that the concept of modernism does not emerge directly from the literature it subsumes, but is in fact a product of critical practices relating to nontraditional literature. Intervening in these practices, and correlating them with modernist works and with modern literary theory, Eysteinsson undertakes a comprehensive reexamination of the idea of modernism. Eysteinsson critically explores various manifestations of modernism in a rich array of American, British, and European literature, criticism, and theory. He first examines many modernist paradigms, detecting in them a conflict between modernism's culturally subversive potential and its relatively conservative status as a formalist project. He then considers these paradigms as interpretations-and fabrications-of literary history. Seen in this light, modernism both signals a historical change on the literary scene and implies the context of that change. Laden with the implications of tradition and modernity, modernism fills its major function: that of highlighting and defining the complex relations between history and postrealist literature. Eysteinsson focuses on the ways in which the concept of modernism directs our understanding of literature and literary history and influences our judgment of experimental and postrealist works in literature and art. He discusses in detail the relation of modernism to the key concepts postmodernism, the avant-garde, and realism. Enacting a crisis of subject and reference, modernism is not so much a form of discourse, he asserts, as its interruption-a possible "other" modernity that reveals critical aspects of our social and linguistic experience in Western culture. Comparatists, literary theorists, cultural historians, and others interested in twentieth-century literature and art will profit from this provocative book.

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Author by Astradur Eysteinsson
Genre eBook Literary Criticism
Read Book 265
ISBN Number 0801480779

The Concept Of Work


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Se analiza el concepto de trabajo desde el punto de vista de la civilización occidental. Se ofrece una proyección de lo que puede ser el trabajo en el futuro, basado en las nuevas tecnologías y en el contexto de las nuevas condiciones sociales creadas por las modernas culturas industriales.

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Author by Herbert A. Applebaum
Genre eBook Social Science
Read Book 645
ISBN Number 079141101X

The Concept Of Human Rights In Africa


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1 The dominant discourse

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Author by Issa G. Shivji
Genre eBook Philosophy
Read Book 126
ISBN Number 9781870784023

The Concept Of Irony


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For the first time in English the world community of scholars is systematically assembling and presenting the results of recent research in the vast literature of Soren Kierkegaard. Based on the definitive English edition of Kierkegaard's works by Princeton University Press, this series of commentaries addresses all the published texts of the influential Danish philosopher and theologian.

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Author by Robert L. Perkins
Genre eBook Philosophy
Read Book 427
ISBN Number 0865547424