Victors And Vanquished


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Author by Stuart B. Schwartz
Genre eBook History
Read Book 271
ISBN Number 1319094856

Victors And Vanquished


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In 1519 Hernán Cortés and a small band of Spanish conquistadors overthrew the mighty Mexican empire of the Aztecs. Using excerpts primarily drawn from Bernal Diaz's 1632 account of the Spanish victory and testimonies — many recently uncovered — of indigenous Nahua survivors, Victors and Vanquished clearly demonstrates how personal interests, class and ethnic biases, and political considerations influenced the interpretation of momentous events. A substantial introduction is followed by 9 chronological sections that illuminate the major events and personalities in this powerful historical episode and reveal the changing attitudes toward European expansionism. The volume includes a broad array of visual images and maps, a glossary of Spanish and Nahua terms, biographical notes, a chronology, a selected bibliography, questions for consideration, and an index.

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Author by Stuart B. Schwartz
Genre eBook History
Read Book 271
ISBN Number 0312393555

Victors And Vanquished


Available: macOS, Windows, Android, Tablet

Using excerpts primarily drawn from Bernal Diaz's 1632 account of the Spanish victory and from testimonies - many recently uncovered - of indigenous Nahua survivors gathered by Bernardino de Sahagun, Victors and Vanquished clearly demonstrates how personal interests, class and ethnic biases, and political considerations can influence interpretation of events. A substantial introduction is followed by 9 chronological sections that illuminate the major events and personalities in this powerful historical episode and reveal the changing attitudes toward European expansionism.

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Author by Stuart B. Schwartz
Genre eBook
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ISBN Number 9781137121431

The Victors And The Vanquished


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This is a revisionary study of Muslims living under Christian rule during the Spanish 'reconquest'. It looks beyond the obvious religious distinctions and delves into the subtleties of identity in the thirteenth-century Crown of Aragon, uncovering a social dynamic in which sectarian differences comprise only one of the many factors in the causal complex of political, economic and cultural reactions. Beginning with the final stage of independent Muslim rule in the Ebro valley region, the book traces the transformation of Islamic society into mudéjar society under Christian domination. This was a case of social evolution in which Muslims, far from being passive victims of foreign colonisation, took an active part in shaping their institutions and experiences as subjects of the Infidel. Using a diverse range of methodological approaches, this book challenges widely held assumptions concerning Christian-Muslim relations in the Middle Ages, and minority-majority relations in general.

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Author by Brian A. Catlos
Genre eBook History
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ISBN Number 1139453602

The Korean War


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Author by
Genre eBook History
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ISBN Number 0813127025

The Victors And The Vanquished


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Two Czechoslovakian activists recall the events that led to the creation of the Social Democratic Party and culminated in the crushing occupation of their country by Russian troops in 1968

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Author by Heda Kovaly
Genre eBook Czechoslovakia
Read Book 274
ISBN Number UOM:39015019060824

Neither Victor Nor Vanquished


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In 1812, less than forty years after breaking from Britain, the United States found itself in another war with its former colonial master. Now, during the two hundredth anniversary of the War of 1812 comes Neither Victor nor Vanquished, William WeberÆs reappraisal of this critical but frequently misunderstood conflict.

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Author by William Weber
Genre eBook HISTORY
Read Book 264
ISBN Number 9781612346083

Victors And Vanquished Interesting Narrative Of The Life Of Olaudah Equiano 2nd Ed


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Author by Stuart B. Schwartz
Genre eBook History
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ISBN Number 031247248X

Gloria Victis


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Gloria Victis! Victors and Vanquished in French Art 1848-1910 This book focuses on the conflict between the old and the new in French painting and sculpture in the latter half of the nineteenth century. Modern art history has hailed the avant-garde as winners and labelled the academic artists losers. However Gloria Victis! (Honour the Vanquished) allows victors and vanquished to meet in open dialogue over the changes in artistic taste through the ages. The last half of the nineteenth century witnessed the emergence of a multifaceted avant-garde, comprising Realism, Impressionism, and many other "Modernistic" trends. These were accompanied by a new aesthetic which came into open conflict with the Classical-Academic tradition. On their side the Academics greeted the new directions in art with mistrust. There quickly developed a view of the new painting as decadent, immoral and provocative: in consequence it rapidly became the target of extreme value judgements by the academically-minded contemporary art critics. But towards the end of the nineteenth century taste changed in favour of the avant-garde. Consequently art history, which has since been written from a modern perspective, has branded the Salon artists as hopelessly out-moded and consigned them to a shadowy existence in the storage vaults of museums. In recent years, however, Salon art has been allowed back into the light after a long absence from public exhibition. Gloria Victis! should be seen as an attempt at a serious analysis, in the spirit of the last twenty years' reevaluation of the art of the second half of the nineteenth century. Perhaps it is, after all, not so simple to distinguish tradition from avant-garde-- and the reverse. It is our hope that the "lost" traditionalists will be seen as more than just dead copyists, who have been denied the validity of their artistic endeavours. By the same token the artists of the Modern will appear in a more subtle light. Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen With a Beauty All Its Own "I called this collection the Glyptotek to demonstrate that it was not a museum with the usual need for scientific order and completeness, where art works often stand freezing, alien to each other in a heterogeneous mixture. No, it was to be a place 'wo Marmorbilder stehen und sehen dich an', where the statues are displayed in festivity and harmony, to grace the life of the living." (Carl Jacobsen, founder of the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, June 1906). The Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek is an art museum of international standing situated in central Copenhagen, next to the Tivoli Gardens. It houses rich and diverse collections in its two main departments, one of which is devoted to ancient art of the Mediterranean area, the other to French and Danish art of the nineteenth and early twentieth century. The museum was named after Ny Carlsberg, the brewery owned by the founder, brewer Carl Jacobsen (1842-1914). He added the word Glyptotek, "a collection of sculpture", to indicate the pride of place taken by that art form and in recognition of his debt to the older namesake, the Glyptothek in Munich. Originally one of the largest private art collections of its time, the Glyptotek was donated to the public by Carl Jacobsen by deeds of gift in 1888 and 1899. He subsequently established the New Carlsberg Foundation, in 1902, to ensure the financial well-being of the museum. Since 1954, the Glyptotek has been an independent institution supported not only by the Foundation, but by the City of Copenhagen and the Danish State as well. The collection of French sculpture presents the stars of the late nineteenth-century Parisian Salon together with Auguste Rodin, the ground-breaking contemporary of the French Impressionists. Nowhere outside France is a comparable collection to be seen. As for the Salon, Carpeaux is particularly well represented, having a whole loggia on the "Danish" side of the building to himself. His studies for the group La Dance, for the façade of the Paris Opera, and the agonizing Ugolino and his Sons, taken from Dante's Divine Comedy, are outstanding. The collection of French painting features the predecessors of the Impressionists (Courbet, Corot and Manet) along with the Impressionists proper-- Monet, Sisley, Cézanne, Degas, Pissarro, Morisot, and Renoir. A large section of the Modern Department is devoted to the Post-Impressionists: Van Gogh, Gauguin, Signac, Bonnard and others. It is what you might describe as a great, small collection, or a small, great collection. The Degas Bronzes, the complete oeuvre of seventy works, is shown, otherwise only to be seen in two other museums in the world. Paul Gauguin is represented with an excess of forty paintings and sculptures. Gloria Victis! Victors and Vanquished in French Art 1848-1910 This book focuses on the conflict between the old and the new in French painting and sculpture in the latter half of the nineteenth century. Modern art history has hailed the avant-garde as winners and labelled the academic artists losers. However Gloria Victis! (Honour the Vanquished) allows victors and vanquished to meet in open dialogue over the changes in artistic taste through the ages. The last half of the nineteenth century witnessed the emergence of a multifaceted avant-garde, comprising Realism, Impressionism, and many other "Modernistic" trends. These were accompanied by a new aesthetic which came into open conflict with the Classical-Academic tradition. On their side the Academics greeted the new directions in art with mistrust. There quickly developed a view of the new painting as decadent, immoral and provocative: in consequence it rapidly became the target of extreme value judgements by the academically-minded contemporary art critics. But towards the end of the nineteenth century taste changed in favour of the avant-garde. Consequently art history, which has since been written from a modern perspective, has branded the Salon artists as hopelessly out-moded and consigned them to a shadowy existence in the storage vaults of museums. In recent years, however, Salon art has been allowed back into the light after a long absence from public exhibition. Gloria Victis! should be seen as an attempt at a serious analysis, in the spirit of the last twenty years' reevaluation of the art of the second half of the nineteenth century. Perhaps it is, after all, not so simple to distinguish tradition from avant-garde-- and the reverse. It is our hope that the "lost" traditionalists will be seen as more than just dead copyists, who have been denied the validity of their artistic endeavours. By the same token the artists of the Modern will appear in a more subtle light. Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen With a Beauty All Its Own "I called this collection the Glyptotek to demonstrate that it was not a museum with the usual need for scientific order and completeness, where art works often stand freezing, alien to each other in a heterogeneous mixture. No, it was to be a place 'wo Marmorbilder stehen und sehen dich an', where the statues are displayed in festivity and harmony, to grace the life of the living." (Carl Jacobsen, founder of the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, June 1906). The Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek is an art museum of international standing situated in central Copenhagen, next to the Tivoli Gardens. It houses rich and diverse collections in its two main departments, one of which is devoted to ancient art of the Mediterranean area, the other to French and Danish art of the nineteenth and early twentieth century. The museum was named after Ny Carlsberg, the brewery owned by the founder, brewer Carl Jacobsen (1842-1914). He added the word Glyptotek, "a collection of sculpture", to indicate the pride of place taken by that art fo

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Author by Ny Carlsberg glyptotek
Genre eBook Art
Read Book 167
ISBN Number UOM:39015053130947

Liberalism And War


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Military power is now the main vehicle for regime change. The US army has been used on more than 30 different occasions in the post-Cold War world compared with just 10 during the whole of the Cold War era. Leading scholar Andrew Williams tackles contemporary thinking on war with a detailed study on liberal thinking over the last century about how wars should be ended, using a vast range of historical archival material from diplomatic, other official and personal papers, which this study situates within the debates that have emerged in political theory. He examines the main strategies used at the end, and in the aftermath, of wars by liberal states to consolidate their liberal gains and to prevent the re-occurrence of wars with those states they have fought. This new study also explores how various strategies: revenge; restitution; reparation; restraint; retribution; reconciliation; and reconstruction, have been used by liberal states not only to defeat their enemies but also transform them. This is a major new contribution to contemporary thinking and action. This book will be of great interest to all students and scholars of politics, international relations and security studies.

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Author by Andrew Williams
Genre eBook Political Science
Read Book 276
ISBN Number 9781136008061